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Causes of Chronic or Acute chest pain

| May 22, 2012

Chronic chest pain is the scariest type of chest pain, it usually comes as a sharp pain on the chest and is mostly associated with cardiovascular diseases. Although there are chronic chest pain which are not related to any heart disorders. The origin of most chronic chest pain is from either the heart, lungs, ribs, esophagus, muscles, bone and stomach.

Causes of Chronic or Acute Chest Pain

Chronic chest pain occurs mostly in athletes, sports persons and weight lifters, it can be cardiovascular or non-cardiovascular in nature.

Cardiovascular causes


This is a coronary heart disorder, which occurs as a result of blocked arteries, due to an accumulation of cholesterol in the arteries, thereby hindering the supply of oxygen blood to the coronary arteries, which causes the heart muscles to weaken and malfunction. One of the symptoms of angina, is a very sharp chronic pain in the chest. This condition is called ischemia and is also an impending heart attack.

Aortic dissection

This occurs when there is a tear in the inner layer of the aorta, causing an inflow of blood between the two layers, thereby separating them. This condition is associated with an acute chest and back pain.

Heart Attack

This is the restriction of the supply of oxygen blood to the heart. This causes the heart muscles to weaken and unable to perform its duties. This condition causes an acute pain on the chest, back, neck, shoulder and it’s accompanied by shortness of breath, sweating, dizziness, and nausea.

Other causes

Other causes of acute chest pain include pericarditis, an inflammation of the sac around the chest. Coronary artery spasm, this occurs as the coronary arteries goes into spasm by shutting down blood supplies temporarily.

Non-cardiovascular causes


This is a condition whereby the cartilage of the ribcage becomes inflamed due to an injury or trauma. This condition is also known as chest wall inflammatory disease and also a major cause of an acute chest pain.


This is occurs due to excess stomach acid which backs up into the esophagus, causing a burning sensation in the chest.


This is a lung infection, which occurs when there is an inflammation of the membrane, that surrounds the chest cavity, this condition causes an acute chest pain and it’s aggravated when coughing or breathing deepily.

Other causes

Other causes of chronic chest pain includes shingles, a health disorder caused by the chicken pox virus. Achalasia which occurs when there is a malfunction of the lower esophagus valve, causing a restriction of food into the stomach, thereby making the food to back up on the esophagus which causes chest pain. There is also other health problems like panic attack and gallbladder or pancreas disorders.


Category: Chest Pain

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